China’s Wind Power Industry
Wind power generation refers to the use of wind turbines to directly convert wind energy into electricity. Among the various forms of wind energy utilization, wind power generation is the main form. Among renewable energies, it is also one of the most technically mature way with large-scale development conditions and commercial prospects.
According to CRI’s analysis, the total amount of wind energy in the world is about 130 billion kilowatts, of which 20 billion kilowatts are available. Currently, global wind power industry is mainly distributed in the United States, Europe, China and other regions, increasing from 31.9GW in 2013 to 93GW in 2020, a CAGR of 16.5% during 2013-2020.
The continued increase in newly installed wind power capacity in China has made China the largest region in the world in terms of cumulative installed wind power capacity, surpassing the EU. 2020 is a record year for the global wind power industry, with 93GW of new installations worldwide, up 53% YOY.
In 2020, China’s newly added wind power capacity reached 52GW, double the amount of new wind power capacity installed in 2019. China has become one of the world’s largest wind power markets, with record growth in installed wind power in 2020, and its onshore wind power was responsible for 56.3% of the total new installations worldwide.
In the emerging offshore wind sector in recent years, the total cumulative global offshore wind power installed in 2020 was 35 GW, with 6.1 GW of new installations, down slightly from 6.24 GW in 2019.
China achieved more than 3 GW of new grid-connected offshore wind power in 2020, becoming the world’s largest offshore wind market for the third consecutive year. The European market maintained steady growth, with the Netherlands ranking second globally with nearly 1.5 GW of new installations and Belgium in third place (706 MW).
It is expected that with the existing wind power policy, 235 GW of new offshore wind power will be installed worldwide in the next decade, an increase equivalent to seven times the existing offshore wind power installation.
According to CRI’s analysis, China’s wind power market is somewhat different from the global market. 20,401 new units was installed in China in 2020, with a capacity of 54.43 million kW, an increase of 105.1% YOY. Such a prosperous market, however, has barely developed relationships with overseas companies.
The world’s highest-ranked company, Vestas, accounts for only 2.1% of installed capacity in China’s wind turbine market, ranking 11th in terms of new installed capacity for China’s wind turbine manufacturers in 2020.
Accordingly, overseas markets are not open to Chinese companies. In 2020, China exported a total of 1188 MW of wind turbine capacity, accounting for only 2-3% of the total global installed capacity outside of China. At the same time, China’s wind power machine industry is highly concentrated.
The leading enterprises are more advanced in capital, technology accumulation,
and industry chain integrity, with obvious advantages in the market competition, so they hold a stable leading position.
Xinjiang Goldwind Science & Technology Co., Ltd., Envision Energy and Ming Yang Smart Energy Group Limited, three wind turbine manufacturers, have been holding the top three positions in the industry since 2016. During 2016 to 2020, according to the size of the Chinese market, CR5 increased from 60% to 70%, CR10 from 84% to 90%.
In terms of cost, wind power costs are lower than PV costs. Globally, among offshore wind, onshore wind, and PV, onshore wind has the lowest LCOE of 0.25 RMB/KWh.
According to the global LCOE data published by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), offshore wind, onshore wind, and PV had decreased by 48%, 56%, and 85% respectively, during 2010 to 2020. By 2020, the LCOE for offshore wind, onshore wind, and PV was about RMB 0.54/KWh, RMB 0.25/KWh, and RMB 0.37/KWh respectively.
Compared to the decline in PV, onshore wind power still has more room for improvement. China’s average LCOE for onshore wind is among the highest in the world, at 0.24 RMB (about 3.7 cents)/KWh in 2020.
According to the plan of China’s National Energy Administration, China’s total installed wind PV capacity will reach more than 1.2 billion kW (about 1200 GW) by the end of 2030. It means that during 2022-2030, China will need to add at least about 300 million kW of wind power, with an average annual installed capacity of at least 30 GW.
For wind power, with little policy change, the industry will continue to grow at least by 2030. And the global wind power industry is expected to continue to have strong growth momentum by 2050.
- Overview of the wind power industry
- Economic and policy environment of wind power
- What is the impact of COVID-19 on the wind power industry?
- Global and China’s Wind Power Market Size, 2016-2021
- Forecast on Global and China’s Wind Power Market, 2022-2030
- Analysis of the development status of offshore wind power
- Analysis of major wind power companies
- Key drivers and market opportunities in the wind power industry
- What are the key drivers, challenges and opportunities for the wind power industry during the forecast period 2022-2030?
- What is the expected revenue of the wind power market during the forecast period of 2022-2030?
- What are the strategies adopted by the key players in the market to increase their market share in the industry?
- Which segment of the wind power market is expected to dominate the market in 2030?
- What are the major adverse factors facing the wind power industry?
Global Renewable Energy Market: By Type (Hydroelectric energy, Geothermal energy, Wind energy, Solar energy and Biomass energy); By End-user (Commercial, Residential and Industrial); and Region – Analysis of Market Size, Share & Trends for 2014 – 2019 and Forecasts to 2030