Research Report on Photovoltaic (PV) Industry in China, 2014-2018
- Geography Covered
- Publication Date
The photovoltaic industry develops rapidly in China in recent years. China became the world's largest producer of photovoltaic products in 2007 with the export value of USD 2,838 million. In 2013, the export value of photovoltaic products exceeded USD 10 billion. The export of photovoltaic products from China is hindered by anti-dumping measures taken by developed countries and some emerging markets.
After nearly 10 years of rapid development, Chinese photovoltaic industry entered into a difficult period as overseas photovoltaic market shrank in 2011. Chinese government issued a series of policies to support the photovoltaic industry. In 2011, the National Energy Administration raised the expected production of photovoltaic electric power during the Twelfth Five-Year (2011-2015) for twice. Meanwhile, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology of China issued documents to support development of BIPV technology. On February 1, 2012, the Ministry of Finance of China published the Circular on the Implementation of “Golden Sun” Demonstration Project to promote large-scale application of photovoltaic power generation and industrial development. The State Council of China issued the Suggestions on Promoting the Healthy Development of Photovoltaic Industry and a series of supportive policies in 2013. Photovoltaic power generation developed rapidly in China in recent years. The output volume of photovoltaic cell modules was 26 GW in China in 2013, accounting for over 60% of the global number. The export volume was 16 GW while the export value was USD 12.7 billion. As domestic market grew rapidly, new installation volume exceeded 12 GW while the total volume exceeded 20 GW. The proportion of sales volume of cell modules in domestic market increased from 15% in 2010 to 43%.
By the end of 2013, the installed capacity of power generation in grid-connected operation reached 19.42 GW, including 16.32 GW in photovoltaic power stations and 3.1 GW of distributed PV. Total annual power generating capacity was 9 billion kWh. New photovoltaic power generation capacity was 12.92 GW, including 12.12 GW in photovoltaic power stations and 0.8 GW of distributed PV. In early 2013, State Grid started to provide qualified photovoltaic power generation projects (run by individuals or organizations) with free grid connection services. Photovoltaic power generation project with the capacity below 6 MW can apply for grid connection in local power grid companies. The companies will complete the installation for free within 45 days and purchase the surplus electric power of photovoltaic power generation projects with the price of 1 CNY/kWh, which is over twice of that of thermal power.
According to available data, 22 regions, mainly in Southwest China, completed the grid connection of over 700 large-scale photovoltaic power generation projects by the end of 2013. Gansu, Qinghai and Xinjiang were the top 3 regions with the installed capacity of 4.32 GW, 3.1 GW and 2.57 GW respectively. The total capacity of the 3 regions accounted for over 60% of the total number in photovoltaic power stations.
In China, distributed PV is mainly concentrated in eastern areas with large consumption of electric power. The grid-connected capacity in East China and North China was 1.45 GW and 0.49 GW, which accounted for 60% of national distributed PV. Zhejiang, Guangdong and Hebei were the top 3 regions with the grid-connected capacity of 160 MW, 110 MW and 70 MW respectively. The total capacity of the 3 regions accounted for over 40% of the total number of distributed PV.
Average cost of photovoltaic power generation exceeded 4 CNY/kWh in China in 2006. The number in some enterprises decreased to 1 CNY/kWh in 2013. Once grid parity of photovoltaic power generation is realized, Chinese photovoltaic industry will transform from government subsidies to market-driven industry and embrace great opportunities for development.
The number of photovoltaic enterprises increased from dozens in early 21st century to hundreds and decreased to 50 or so in global financial crisis in 2008. The amount of investment increased in the industry as Chinese economy recovered and global demand increased. By the end of 2013, the number of photovoltaic enterprises exceeded 100 in China.
However, not all photovoltaic enterprises can gain further development though Chinese government reinforced the support for industrial development and boosted promising prospect. Many problems exist in Chinese photovoltaic industry. Key technologies, such as materials and equipment, and basic development lack further improvement compared with international advanced level. Financial and policy support lays particular stress on application while R&D is neglected. Moreover, related policies such as grid-connected power generation lack specific operation methods.
Through this report, the readers can acquire the following information:
-Policy and Economic Environment in China Photovoltaic Industry
-Major Photovoltaic Manufacturers and the Operation Status in China
-Development Status of Photovoltaic Power Stations and Distributed PV in China
-Supply and Demand in China Photovoltaic Industry
-Import and Export of PV
-Forecast on Development of China Photovoltaic Industry
The following enterprises and people are recommended to purchase this report:
-Enterprises Related to Industry Chain of PV
-Investors/Research Institutes Concerned About China Photovoltaic Industry
Table of Contents
1 Overview of Photovoltaic Industry
1.1 Definition and Classification
1.2 Overview of Global Photovoltaic Industry
1.3 Major Features of Photovoltaic Industry in China
2 Development Environment of Photovoltaic Industry in China, 2011-2014
2.1 Economic Environment
2.1.1 Global Economy
2.1.2 China Economy
2.2 Policy Environment
2.2.1 Overview of Policies
2.2.2 Policy Trend
3 Status of Photovoltaic Industry in China, 2011-2014
3.1.1 Production Capacity
3.1.2 Output Volume
3.2.1 International Market
3.2.2 Market in China
4 Industry Chain of PV in China, 2011-2014
4.1 Constitution of Photovoltaic Industry Chain
4.1.3 Modules and Cell Pieces
4.1.4 Photovoltaic Electric Stations and Distributed PV
4.2 Analysis of Costs in Photovoltaic Industry Chain
4.2.1 Upstream Costs
4.2.2 Downstream Generating Costs
5 Key Areas of Photovoltaic Industry in China, 2011-2014
5.1 Analysis of Photovoltaic Electric Stations by Region
5.1.6 Inner Mongolia
5.2 Analysis of Distributed PV by Region
5.3 Plan on Regional Development of Photovoltaic Industry
6 Analysis of Import and Export of PV in China, 2009-2013
6.1.1 Export Overview
6.1.2 Major Export Destinations
6.2.1 Import Overview
6.2.2 Major Sources of Import
7 Key Enterprises in China Photovoltaic Industry, 2011-2014
7.1 Overview of Key Photovoltaic Enterprises in China
7.2 JA SOLAR Co., Ltd.
7.3 Canadian Solar Inc.
7.4 Yingli Solar
7.5 Trina Solar
7.6 JinkoSolar Holding Co., Ltd. and Hanwha SolarOne Co., Ltd.
7.7 Zhejiang Renesola
7.8 HAREON SOLAR Corporation and Eging PV
7.9 China Sunergy Co., Ltd.
7.10 Risen Energy Co., Ltd.
7.11 Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd.
7.12 Zhejiang Sunflower Light Energy Science & Technology Co., Ltd.
7.13 LDK Solar Co., Ltd.
7.15 Chint Group
8 Prospect of China Photovoltaic Industry, 2014-2018
8.1 Factors Influencing Development
8.1.1 Policy Environment
8.1.2 Economic Situation
8.2 Forecast on Supply
8.2.1 Projects under Construction
8.2.2 Forecast on Production Capacity
8.2.3 Forecast on Output Volume
8.3 Forecast on Demand
8.3.1 International Market
8.3.2 Domestic Market
8.4 Discussion about Investment Opportunities
8.5 Recommendations on Investment and Development
Chart Major Policies of Photovoltaic Industry in China, 2011-2014
Chart Output Volume of Solar Cells in China, 2007-2013
Chart Global Installation Volume of PV, 2007-2013
Chart Installation Volume of PV in China, 2007-2013
Chart Structure of Photovoltaic Industry Chain
Chart Analysis of Costs in Different Modes of Electric Power Generation on 1 GW in China
Chart Export Value of Solar Cells in China, 2009-2013
Chart Import Volume of Polysilicon in China, 2009-2013
Chart Installation Status of Photovoltaic Electric Stations in Major Regions in China, 2013
Chart Regional Distribution of Distributed PV in China, 2013
Chart Analysis of Production Capacity of Major Photovoltaic Enterprises in China by the First Half of 2014
Chart Operation Status of Suntech Power Holdings Co., Ltd., 2009-2013
Chart Major New Projects in China Photovoltaic Industry, 2011-2014
Chart Forecast on Installation Volume in China Photovoltaic Industry, 2014-2018